Video Surveillance Systems & CCTV

HSM designs, installs, and maintains video surveillance systems in a wide variety of commercial locations.

Video surveillance systems significantly improve facility security, reduce crime, and lower insurance costs.

What are Surveillance Systems?

Surveillance systems are designed to monitor and record activities within a specified area to enhance security, deter crime, and provide evidence in the event of an incident. These systems are commonly used in residential, commercial, and public settings. Here’s a detailed description of surveillance systems, including their types, components, and benefits:

Types of Surveillance Systems

  1. Analog Surveillance Systems:
    • Use traditional analog cameras and recorders.
    • Video is transmitted via coaxial cables to a digital video recorder (DVR).
    • Limited in terms of image quality and remote accessibility.
  2. Digital Surveillance Systems:
    • Use digital cameras and network video recorders (NVRs).
    • Video is transmitted over IP networks, allowing for higher resolution and better scalability.
    • More advanced features like remote access and integration with other security systems.
  3. Wireless Surveillance Systems:
    • Use Wi-Fi or other wireless technologies to transmit video.
    • Easier to install in areas where running cables is difficult.
    • May have limitations in terms of signal range and potential interference.
  4. Remote Surveillance Systems:
    • Enable monitoring from remote locations via the internet.
    • Often integrated with mobile apps and cloud storage for convenient access.

Components of Surveillance Systems

  1. Cameras:
    • Fixed Cameras: Stationary cameras aimed at a specific area.
    • PTZ (Pan-Tilt-Zoom) Cameras: Can be remotely controlled to pan, tilt, and zoom.
    • Dome Cameras: Enclosed in a dome-shaped housing, often used for indoor surveillance.
    • Bullet Cameras: Long and cylindrical, ideal for outdoor use.
    • Infrared/Night Vision Cameras: Equipped with IR LEDs to capture images in low light or complete darkness.
  2. Recorders:
    • DVR (Digital Video Recorder): Used in analog systems to record and store video.
    • NVR (Network Video Recorder): Used in digital systems, recording video from IP cameras over a network.
  3. Monitors:
    • Displays live or recorded video for real-time monitoring and review.
    • Can be standalone monitors or integrated into a computer or mobile device.
  4. Storage Solutions:
    • Local Storage: Hard drives within DVRs/NVRs for storing video footage.
    • Cloud Storage: Remote servers where video footage can be stored and accessed online.
    • Hybrid Storage: Combination of local and cloud storage for redundancy and convenience.
  5. Cabling and Connectivity:
    • Coaxial Cables: Used in analog systems to transmit video signals.
    • Ethernet Cables: Used in digital systems for video transmission and power (PoE).
    • Wireless Connectivity: Wi-Fi or other wireless technologies for transmitting video without cables.
  6. Software and User Interface:
    • Video Management Software (VMS): Software for managing and controlling surveillance systems.
    • Mobile Apps: Allow remote access to live and recorded video via smartphones and tablets.

Benefits of Surveillance Systems

  1. Enhanced Security:
    • Deter criminal activities and provide evidence in the event of a crime.
    • Monitor sensitive areas to prevent unauthorized access.
  2. Remote Monitoring:
    • Access live and recorded video from anywhere with an internet connection.
    • Receive real-time alerts and notifications of suspicious activities.
  3. Improved Safety:
    • Monitor high-risk areas for safety compliance and accident prevention.
    • Assist in emergency response by providing real-time situational awareness.
  4. Operational Efficiency:
    • Monitor employee activities to ensure productivity and adherence to protocols.
    • Manage large facilities and multiple locations from a centralized system.
  5. Scalability:
    • Easily add or upgrade cameras and other components as needed.
    • Integrate with other security systems like access control and alarm systems.

Applications of Surveillance Systems

  1. Residential:
    • Home security systems to monitor entrances, driveways, and interiors.
    • Smart home integration for enhanced convenience and control.
  2. Commercial:
    • Retail stores to prevent theft and monitor customer behavior.
    • Office buildings for access control and employee safety.
  3. Public Spaces:
    • City surveillance for traffic monitoring, crime prevention, and public safety.
    • Transportation hubs like airports and train stations for security and operational management.
  4. Industrial:
    • Manufacturing facilities to monitor production processes and ensure safety compliance.
    • Warehouses for inventory management and theft prevention.


Surveillance systems are crucial for enhancing security, improving safety, and increasing operational efficiency. They come in various types and configurations, including analog, digital, wireless, and remote systems. Key components include cameras, recorders, monitors, storage solutions, and connectivity infrastructure. By implementing a well-designed surveillance system, users can deter crime, respond effectively to incidents, and monitor activities in real-time, providing peace of mind and valuable insights.


How do we Install a Video Surveillance System?


Installing a surveillance system involves careful planning, precise execution, and thorough testing to ensure optimal security coverage and functionality. Here’s a detailed outline of our surveillance system installation process:

1. Project Initiation and Planning

Understanding Client Requirements:

  • Meet with the client to discuss their security needs, goals, and specific requirements for the surveillance system.
  • Determine the areas to be monitored, types of cameras needed, and any special features such as remote access or motion detection.

Site Assessment:

  • Conduct a comprehensive site assessment to evaluate the existing infrastructure, potential installation challenges, and the best locations for cameras and other equipment.
  • Identify potential security vulnerabilities and areas that require enhanced coverage.

2. System Design and Configuration

System Design:

  • Develop a detailed system design that includes camera placement, types of cameras, recording equipment, and storage solutions.
  • Create a layout plan that ensures optimal coverage and minimal blind spots.

Equipment Selection:

  • Select high-quality cameras, recorders, monitors, and other components based on the client’s needs and budget.
  • Ensure compatibility between all components and any existing security systems.

3. Cost Estimation and Budgeting

Preliminary Budget:

  • Provide an initial cost estimate based on the site assessment and system design.
  • Ensure the project scope aligns with the client’s budget, making adjustments as necessary.

Final Budget:

  • Develop a detailed budget once the design is finalized, including equipment costs, labor, permits, and contingencies.

4. Permitting and Approvals

Obtain Permits:

  • Prepare and submit all necessary permit applications to local authorities.
  • Address any feedback or required changes to obtain approvals.

5. Installation Phase

Site Preparation:

  • Mobilize installation teams and set up the site, ensuring all safety and regulatory requirements are met.
  • Conduct a pre-installation meeting to align all stakeholders on the project plan and timelines.

Camera Installation:

  • Mount cameras in the predetermined locations using appropriate hardware and techniques.
  • Ensure cameras are securely installed and properly angled for optimal coverage.

Cabling and Connectivity:

  • Run cables (coaxial for analog systems, Ethernet for digital systems) from cameras to the recording and monitoring equipment.
  • Ensure all connections are secure and protected from environmental factors.

Installation of Recorders and Monitors:

  • Install DVRs or NVRs in a secure location.
  • Set up monitors in control rooms or designated areas for real-time viewing and playback.

6. System Configuration and Integration


  • Configure the recording settings, including resolution, frame rate, and storage parameters.
  • Set up motion detection, alerts, and other smart features as required by the client.

System Integration:

  • Integrate the surveillance system with any existing security systems, such as access control or alarm systems.
  • Ensure seamless communication and functionality between all components.

7. Testing and Commissioning

Initial Testing:

  • Perform initial tests to ensure all cameras, recorders, and monitors are functioning correctly.
  • Check for any connectivity issues, camera blind spots, or installation defects.


  • Conduct comprehensive testing of the entire system, including live monitoring, recording, playback, and alert functions.
  • Verify the system meets all design specifications and client requirements.

8. Client Training and Documentation

Client Training:

  • Provide training sessions for the client and any relevant personnel on how to use the surveillance system, including live monitoring, accessing recordings, and troubleshooting common issues.


  • Provide the client with all necessary documentation, including user manuals, warranties, and maintenance guidelines.
  • Ensure the client has access to support resources and contact information for any future issues or questions.

9. Handover and Support


  • Formally hand over the completed installation to the client, ensuring they are fully satisfied with the outcome.
  • Obtain final sign-off from the client, marking the successful completion of the project.

Post-Installation Support:

  • Schedule follow-up visits or calls to address any post-installation issues or concerns.
  • Provide ongoing support and maintenance services as needed.

Continuous Improvement:

  • Gather feedback from the client and installation team to identify areas for improvement in future projects.
  • Implement lessons learned to enhance our installation process continually.

This comprehensive approach ensures that we deliver high-quality surveillance system installations that meet the client’s needs and provide a reliable, efficient, and secure monitoring solution.


How much does a Video Surveillance System Cost?

The cost of a video surveillance system can vary widely depending on several factors, including the type of system, the number of cameras, the quality of the equipment, and installation requirements. Here’s a breakdown of the typical costs associated with video surveillance systems:

Equipment Costs

  1. Cameras:
    • Analog Cameras: $50 – $300 each
    • Digital/IP Cameras: $100 – $800 each
    • Specialty Cameras (PTZ, thermal, night vision): $200 – $2,000 each
  2. Recording Devices:
    • DVR (Digital Video Recorder): $200 – $1,000
    • NVR (Network Video Recorder): $300 – $1,500
  3. Monitors:
    • Basic Monitors: $100 – $500
    • Professional Monitors: $500 – $2,000
  4. Storage Solutions:
    • Hard Drives (for DVR/NVR): $50 – $300 each (depending on capacity)
    • Cloud Storage: $10 – $50 per month per camera
  5. Cabling and Connectivity:
    • Coaxial Cables (for analog systems): $0.10 – $0.50 per foot
    • Ethernet Cables (for digital systems): $0.10 – $1.00 per foot
  6. Power Supplies and Accessories:
    • Power Supply Units: $20 – $100 each
    • Mounting Brackets and Housings: $10 – $100 each

Installation Costs

  1. Labor:
    • Professional Installation: $50 – $150 per hour
    • Total Installation Costs: $500 – $2,500+ depending on the complexity of the installation and the number of cameras
  2. Permits and Inspections:
    • Permit Fees: $100 – $500 (depending on local regulations)

Example Cost Breakdown

Small Business Setup (4 Cameras, Digital/IP System):

  • Cameras: 4 x $200 = $800
  • NVR: $500
  • Monitors: $300
  • Storage (Hard Drives): $200
  • Cabling and Accessories: $200
  • Installation Labor (15 hours at $100/hour): $1,500
  • Permits: $150

Total Cost: $3,650

Medium Business Setup (8 Cameras, Digital/IP System):

  • Cameras: 8 x $300 = $2,400
  • NVR: $700
  • Monitors: $600
  • Storage (Hard Drives): $400
  • Cabling and Accessories: $400
  • Installation Labor (30 hours at $100/hour): $3,000
  • Permits: $200

Total Cost: $7,700

Large Business Setup (16 Cameras, Digital/IP System with Specialty Cameras):

  • Cameras (12 standard, 4 PTZ): (12 x $300) + (4 x $1,000) = $8,600
  • NVR: $1,200
  • Monitors: $1,200
  • Storage (Hard Drives): $800
  • Cabling and Accessories: $800
  • Installation Labor (60 hours at $100/hour): $6,000
  • Permits: $300

Total Cost: $18,900

Factors Affecting Cost

  1. Number of Cameras:
    • More cameras increase both equipment and installation costs.
  2. Type of Cameras:
    • High-resolution, night vision, and PTZ cameras are more expensive than standard cameras.
  3. Storage Requirements:
    • Higher resolution and longer retention periods require more storage capacity.
  4. Installation Complexity:
    • Difficult installations, such as those requiring extensive cabling or in hard-to-reach areas, will increase labor costs.
  5. Additional Features:
    • Integration with other security systems, remote access capabilities, and advanced analytics can add to the cost.


The cost of a video surveillance system can range from a few hundred dollars for a basic setup to tens of thousands of dollars for a comprehensive, high-end system. It’s important to assess your specific needs, budget, and the complexity of the installation to determine the most appropriate system for your situation. Consulting with professional installers can also provide more accurate estimates and help tailor the system to your exact requirements.